The American Heritage Dictionary defines collage as "an artistic composition of materials and objects pasted over a surface, often with unifying lines and color." The origin of the word is French: coiler, to glue. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque launched collage into the mainstream of art in Paris in the 20th century and popularized the term.
This lesson plan is adaptable for students of all age levels. It will explore all aspects of design using the collage technique.
- Students will study the development of the Collage Movement of the 20th century, focusing on Picasso and Braque.
- Students will explore different techniques using various media on black canvas, i.e., colored pencil, paint, oil pastels.
- Students will cut their finished design into various shapes and apply these shapes to a hard board surface.
- Students can experiment with using different materials to raise their cut shapes, creating a relief structure within their collage
#1428716 Fredrix® Black Canvas Pad, 9 x 12 in, 10 sheets
#1591266 Fredrix® Can-Tone™ Canvas Panels, Tara Gray, 11 x 14 in
#1591263 Fredrix® Can-Tone™ Canvas Panels, Heather Green, 11 x 14 in
#1591264 Fredrix® Can-Tone™ Canvas Panels, Georgia Peach, 11 x 14 in
#1591265 Fredrix® Can-Tone™ Canvas Panels, Cappuccino, 11 x 14 in
#1594965 School Smart® Oil Pastels, Set of 25
#1572473 Sax® True Flow® Heavy-Bodied Acyrlic Paint, Pint, Set of 12
#1590429 Sax® True Flow® Multi-Media Varnish, Gloss, Quart
#085564 School Smart® Newsboard, 9 x 12 Inches, Natural
#1290583 Crayola® Color Sticks, Set of 24
Standard #2: Organize and develop artistic ideas and work.
Standard #3: Refine and complete artistic work.
Standard #5: Develop and refine artistic work for presentation.
THINGS YOU'LL NEED
Explore with students the various origins of Collage/Cubism, focusing on the works of Picasso and Braque.
Show students how various media such as colored pencil, paint and oil pastel can be used on black canvas.
Have students create a design/drawing on black canvas using various media such as colored pencils, paints and/or oil pastels.
Using their completed design/drawing, have students cut the canvas into various geometric or irregular shapes.
Using these "shapes," students can lay out their collage on a Fredrix Can-Tone Panel. This layout will allow them to play with their design and decide on the best positioning of the shapes.
Using various materials such as newsboard or 3Dos students can experiment with adding different layers to their shapes, creating a relief structure within their collage.
Once placement has been decided, the shapes and their support pieces can be glued onto the Toned Panel.
Sax True Flow Mixed Media Varnish can be used to highlight and/or protect some or all of the pieces.
Have students share and discuss their final pieces with each other.